The Improvement of Creativity through Problem-Based Learning in Social Science for Elementary School Students

Eka Suryanti

Abstract


This study aims to improve the creativity of fourth grade students in social science learning through the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model at SDN 18 Pontianak. The type of research was Classroom Action Research, with the research subjects of fourth grade students of SDN 18 West Pontianak totaling 31 students. The methods used to collect data were test and observation. The data analysis technique used was descriptive quantitative. The success criteria used in this study were an increase in creativity which is characterized by an increase in fluency of thinking, flexibility of thinking, sensitivity, originality of thinking, ability to detail, inquisitive attitude, courage to take risks, not easily discouraged, interested in compound tasks, appreciative attitude and 75% of the number of students have achieved a creativity score of ≥76% then the action is declared successful. The results showed that the implementation of the PBL model in social science subjects can increase student creativity in social science learning. Increased creativity in fourth grade students of SDN 18 Pontianak through the process of orienting students to the problem, organizing students to learn, guiding individual and group experiences, helping students develop and present work, analyzing and evaluating the problem solving process. This was indicated by an increase in student creativity in social science learning after being subjected to action in cycle I obtained student scores when the pre-test showed 24 students (77.42%) in the low category and 7 students (22.58%) in the medium category. Scores in post-test I showed 13 students (41.93%) in the medium category and 18 students (58.07%) in the low category, and the acquisition of post-test II scores showed 31 students (100%) in the high category. The increase occurred in cycle I as many as 5 students (16.12%)
increased from the low category to medium and the increase in cycle II showed 31 students (100%) increased to the high category with the score having met 75% of the number of students achieving a score of ≥76%.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abu, A & Munawar, S. (2005). Psikologi Perkembangan. Jakarta: PT Asdi Mahasatya.

Andreas, L. (2012). Plagiarisme Akademik. Jawa Pos Radar Semarang.

BSNP. (2007). Panduan Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP) SD/MI. Jakarta: BP. Dharma

Bhakti.

Depdiknas. (2002). Undang-Undang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional 2003 (UU RI No. 20 Th. 2003).

Jakarta: Sinar Grafika.

Dimyati & Mudjiono. (2006). Belajar dan Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Dwi,S., et al. (2008). Ilmu Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: UNY Press.

Eggen, P & Don, K. (2012). Strategi dan Model Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Indeks.

Etin, S & Raharjo. (2009). Cooperative Learning Analisis Model Pembelajaran IPS. Jakarta: Bumi

Aksara.

Fakih, S & Bunyamin, M. (1998). Konsep Dasar IPS. Bandung: Depdikbud Direktorat Jenderal

Pendidikan Tinggi Proyek Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar.

Ghufron & Rini, R. S. (2012). Teori-teori Psikologi. Yogyakarta: Ar- Ruzz Media.

Hidayati. (2002). Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial di Sekolah Dasar. Yogyakarta: Program DII

PGSD FIP UNY.

Hurlock, E. (1978). Child Development. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Dastan, I. W., & Sutrisno. (2000). Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah (Problem- Based Learning).

Jurnal FMIPA Universitas Negeri Malang.

Martinis, Y. (2013). Strategi dan Metode dalam Model Pembelajaran. Jakarta: GP Press Group.

Mulyani, S & Nana, S. (2007). Perkembangan Peserta Didik. Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka.

Nursisto. (2009). Kiat Menggali Kreativitas. Yogyakarta: PT Mitra Gama Widya.

Paul & Kuchack. (2012). Strategi dan Model Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Indeks.

Rita, E. I., et al. (2008). Perkembangan Peserta Didik. Yogyakarta: UNY Press.

Rusman. (2011). Model-model Pembelajaran: Mengembangkan Profesionalisme Guru. Jakarta:

Rajawali Press.

Saifuddin, A. (2013). Penyusunan Skala Psikologi Edisi II. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Sapriya. (2009). Pendidikan IPS. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Sardjiyo, et al. (2009). Pendidikan IPS di SD. Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka.

Sri, A, et al. (2007). Strategi Pembelajaran di SD. Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26418/jp2d.v5i2.196

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

JP2D (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Dasar) UNTAN Indexed by

 e-ISSN : 2613-9723 p-ISSN : 2613-9715

Jurusan Pendidikan Dasar (PGSD) Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu pendidikan

Universitas Tanjungpura

Email Cordinator: Journalpgsdfkipuntan@gmail.com/hartofisika@gmail.com

Plagiarism Tools

     

 Creative Commons License
JP2D (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Dasar) UNTAN is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.